Abuse liability, behavioral pharmacology, and physical-dependence potential of opioids in humans and laboratory animals: lessons from tramadol

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Tags: Abuse, animals, behavioral, from, humans, laboratory, Lessons, liability, opioids, pharmacology, physicaldependence, potential, tramadol
Posted 21 Apr 2010 in General

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This digital document is a journal article from Biological Psychology, published by Elsevier in 2006. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Media Library immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Description:
Assessment of abuse potential of opioid analgesics has a long history in both laboratory animals and humans. This article reviews the methods used in animals and in humans and then presents the data collected in the evaluation of tramadol, an atypical centrally acting opioid analgesic approved for marketing in the United States in 1998. Finally, data on the abuse of tramadol from postmarketing surveillance and case re… More >>Abuse liability, behavioralpharmacology, and physical-dependence potential of opioids in humans and laboratory animals: Lessons from tramadol

Tags: Abuse, animals, behavioral, from, humans, laboratory, Lessons, liability, opioids, pharmacology, physicaldependence, potential, tramadol
Posted 21 Apr 2010in General

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